Benzodiazepines Medications

Benzodiazepines drugs primarily used to treat anxiety but effectively treat several other states. The exact mechanism of motion of benzodiazepines is unknown. Still, they seem to work by affecting the brain’s neurotransmitters, suppressing nerve activity. Scientists believe that excessive nerve activity can cause anxiety and other psychiatric disorders and that benzodiazepines strengthen the effects of GABA by reducing nerve activity in the brain and spinal cord.

What conditions are benzodiazepines used for?

Benzodiazepines Drugs are used to treat:

anxiety and panic

seizures (seizures), and

insomnia or difficulty sleeping.

They are also used for:

general anesthesia,

sedation before surgery or diagnostic procedures,

muscle relaxation,

alcohol withdrawal and drug-associated agitation,

nausea and vomiting,

depression, and

panic attacks.


Benzodiazepines differ in how quickly they start, how long they continue to work, and what they are most often prescribed for.

  • Diazepam (Valium) and Chlorazepet (Tranxene) act quickly, usually within 30 to 60 minutes.
  • Oxazepam (Serax) begins to work slowly and between lorazepam (Ativan), alprazolam (Xanax), and clonazepam (Klonopin).
  • Clorazepate (Tranxene) and triazolam (Halcion) are short-acting agents with a 3 to 8 hours shelf life.
  • Alprazolam (Xanax), lorazepam (Ativan), estazolam (Prosome), and temazepam (Restoril) are intermediate-acting agents with a duration of 11 to 20 hours.
  • Chlordiazepoxide (Librium), clonazepam (Klonopin), diazepam (Valium), flurazepam (Dalman) and quazepam are long-acting agents with a duration of 1 to 3 days.